‚I live in the near from Schönhauser Alle.‘
In English, instead of saying ‚in the near from‘, we say ‚I live near Schönhauser Alle.‘. Below are some ways we use near and nearby when talking about distance in space.
Grammar rules – near and nearby
– Near (to) can be a preposition. It shows the relationship between two things or people. Nearby is not a preposition.
Examples (at a short distance from something or someone)
- He comes from a small village near Cologne.
- She likes to sit near the window.
- I put the suitcase near the door.
– Near and nearby can be adjectives.
Examples (a short distance away/close)
- The nearest train station is about five miles from here.
- I sat in the nearer chair; he sat in the farther one.
- I went to a nearby pub. (NOT I went to a near pub.)
- She is very near. (Near describes the subject.)
– Near and nearby can also be adverbs.
Notice in the following examples, near and nearby are closely connected to the verbs in the sentences. When there is no noun after nearby, it is an adverb.
- The police are stationed nearby.
- He lives near (or nearby) and helps when he can.
- Don‘t come any nearer!
– Finally, near can be a verb.
- I’m nearing the station now.
- As he neared, the dog ran away.