Adverbs of place

Adverbs of placeWhen saying that someone is not at home, in the office or other place where you are currently located, do we say: a) ‚He’s not there at the moment‘ or b) ‚He’s not here at the moment‘?

The correct answer is b). ‚Here‘ means in this place or location, whereas ‚there‘ means the opposite – indicating that something is further away in a different location. Here and there are examples of adverbs of place.

Grammar point – adverbs of place

Adverbs of place describe where things are or happen, as well as movement. They answer the question ‚Where?‘ and don’t normally end in -ly. Usually, they are placed after the main verb or object, or at the end of a sentence/clause. They can go in the front of a sentence for emphasis; this is more common in written English. Sometimes they can be prepositions when they introduce a phrase that includes an object.

Below are some of the most common adverbs of place.

Above/Below Backwards/Forwards/Downwards/


Near by/ Far away
About Between Next
Ahead/Behind East/West/North/South On/Off
Around In/Out Over/Under


Inside/Outside Up/Down
Away Here/There Upstairs/Downstairs
Back Near/Far


  • Would you like to come over?
  • I put the book back on the shelf.
  • I walked upstairs to get something.
  • I looked everywhere for my cat and found him downstairs.
  • I couldn’t find my cat anywhere.
  • There are a lot of nice shops near by/nearby.
  • I moved backwards and lost my balance.
  • She drove off in a hurry towards the school.
  • At noon I headed out. However, I didn’t know whether I was heading North or East.

Note that ‚towards‘ is a preposition because it is always followed by a noun or pronoun.

  • She drove off in a hurry towards the school. (NOT She drove off in a hurry towards.)